Ready to learn about Arizona?
Check out these fun facts about the state’s history, people and official state symbols.
- Statehood: February 14, 1912. Arizona was the 48th state to join the United States.
- State Flag: Adopted in 1917, the lower half of the flag is a blue field. The upper half is divided into thirteen equal segments, six light yellow and seven red. In the center of the flag is a copper-colored five-point star. The red and the blue are the same shades as the flag of the United States of America, and it measures four feet high and six feet wide.
- State Seal: Arizona’s main enterprises and attractions are represented in the seal, which was adopted in 1911. In the background of the seal is a range of mountains with the sun rising behind the peaks. At the right side of the mountains are a water storage reservoir and a dam, with irrigated fields and orchards. There are cattle grazing on the right, and a quartz mill and a miner with a pick and shovel on the left.
Population and Geography
- Population: 6.5 million (2008 estimate)
- State Capitol: Phoenix
- Largest Cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Glendale and Scottsdale
- Border States: California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah
- State Size: 113,909 square miles
- State Motto: Ditat Deus (“God Enriches”)
- State Nickname: Grand Canyon State
- State Songs: “Arizona March Song” and “Arizona”
- State Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom
- State Gem: Turquoise
- State Tree: Palo Verde
- State Bird: Cactus Wren
- State Fossil: Petrified Wood
- State Mammal: Ringtail
- State Reptile: Arizona Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake
- State Fish: Apache Trout
- State Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog
- Official Neckwear: Bola Tie
Major Industries in Arizona
All types of industries and businesses can be found in Arizona, but manufacturing, mining and tourism are some of the most prominent.
- Manufacturing: Arizona manufactures everything from food products to microchips, with major manufacturing facilities found primarily in the Phoenix and Tucson areas.
- Mining: Gold, silver and other ores have been mined in Arizona for more than a century, but the state’s real claim to fame is copper. In 2007, more than 60 percent of all copper mined in the United States came from Arizona.
- Tourism: More than 37 million tourists visited Arizona in the year 2008 alone – leading to more than 170,000 jobs in areas like travel and lodging. This makes tourism one of the state’s largest industries.
For More Information
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